Even with a pandemic that shuttered automobile factories for nearly two months and sent car or truck sales tumbling, Standard Motors produced more than $6 billion very last 12 months, just one of its optimum earnings totals ever.

The automaker is heading to want just about every penny and extra for yrs to arrive to meet its lofty ambition of an all-electrical design lineup in about 15 many years.

Very last thirty day period G.M. explained it hoped to conclude creation of petroleum-driven cars and vehicles by 2035. It has also established interim targets of introducing 30 new electric powered autos and trucks in the subsequent 4 several years, and marketing a million of them a calendar year in the United States and a million much more in China by 2025 — all at a time when electric powered vehicles even now make up a little additional than 4 p.c of global auto sales.

The cost tag is steep: G.M. strategies to invest $27 billion on electric and autonomous cars and trucks by 2025, and more than $7 billion just this calendar year.

To make that math do the job, the business requires to squeeze as considerably revenue as it can out of its pickup vans and activity-utility automobiles. In other terms, the gas guzzlers of these days will foot the bill for the electric vehicles of tomorrow.

“When you seem at our inner combustion business enterprise, we are well positioned and that puts us in a place where we can be investing more in electrical motor vehicles and autonomous vehicles,” G.M.’s main government, Mary T. Barra, claimed in a conference call on Wednesday. “We consider we can develop as we make this transition.”

G.M. earned $6.4 billion in 2020, down from $6.7 billion a year previously, as brisk product sales of pickup vehicles and S.U.V.s in the next 50 percent of the 12 months offset the damage from the pandemic in the spring. Earnings declined 11 per cent, to $122 billion.

The to start with of G.M.’s new electrical cars will be launched upcoming week — an up-to-date variation of its Chevrolet Bolt compact hatchback and a roomier variation known as the Bolt E.U.V., or electrical utility automobile. An electrical Hummer pickup and an electric powered Cadillac S.U.V. are to follow later this yr and in 2022.

The present-day Bolt has been on the industry for quite a few yrs, but sales have been tepid, in particular though Tesla, the maker of luxurious electric powered cars, pushed its world wide sales full for 2020 to 500,000 cars. Final year G.M. bought less than 21,000 Bolts in the United States. The firm also sells electrical cars in China.

For now, analysts are assured G.M. can retain ringing up significant revenue simply because of the recognition of its gasoline-powered vehicles and S.U.V.s.Any speedy rise in E.V. gross sales will depend on a major shift by shoppers, stated Sam Abuelsamid, theory analyst at Guidehouse Insights. “E.V.s are much less than 2 p.c of the U.S. market now, so we have not demonstrated prevalent adoption of E.V. technology nevertheless,” he mentioned.

The availability and prices of battery packs and raw materials like lithium and cobalt also require to make improvements to to pave the way for increased E.V. profits. Advertising a million E.V.s a year by 2025 “is not a ridiculous plan,” he reported, “but it is likely to be a obstacle.”

But the automobile market has generally been a cyclical organization. It was not that extended back when G.M. sought bankruptcy protection and obtained a federal bailout throughout the Wonderful Economic downturn below former President Barack Obama.

A new problem has currently emerged. A dire shortage of laptop or computer chips has disrupted creation at vehicle crops around the earth and is envisioned to previous perfectly into this 12 months. G.M. this 7 days claimed it was extending what was supposed to be a weeklong shutdown at 3 North American factories into the center of March simply because of the shortage.

On Wednesday, the firm reported the paucity of chips would decreased its operating income this calendar year by $1.5 billon to $2 billion.

Pc chips are needed for capabilities like touch screens, motor controls and transmissions. New cars and trucks can have dozens of semiconductors.

Ms. Barra stated G.M. was functioning with suppliers to assure it has the chips it requirements, and is taking care of its provide to avoid interruptions at crops that make its most successful and well-known vehicles.

“The semiconductor shortage will not slow our progress options, and without mitigation strategies we still hope to see a quite very good year for Basic Motors,” she stated. “Right now, we will not eliminate any manufacturing as it relates to entire-sizing trucks and S.U.V.s through the 12 months.”

Whilst the chip circumstance will crimp income in the limited operate, G.M. claimed it was fully commited to its prepare to develop electric powered vehicles. Ms. Barra said on Wednesday that the approach was very likely to get a increase from President Biden and his programs to tackle local weather improve and maximize renewable electricity and vehicle sector careers.

Mr. Barra reported she and other G.M. executives experienced talked about the issue with Mr. Biden, Vice President Kamala Harris and other top rated administration officers.

“The Biden administration is progressively aligned around the significance of domestic production and the need for popular adoption of E.V.s,” Ms. Barra mentioned. “We glimpse forward to doing the job with the administration on procedures that help risk-free transportation and zero emissions.”

Of training course, G.M. is not the only automaker spending closely on electric cars. Ford Motor very last 7 days primarily doubled its electric powered car improvement spending budget to $22 billion over the future 5 decades, and Volkswagen, a a great deal greater automaker, has earmarked extra than $80 billion more than the exact same interval.

Ford not long ago commenced marketing its Mustang Mach-E, an electric powered S.U.V. styled to resemble the company’s athletics car or truck, and its has received favorable opinions. Volkswagen plans to begin offering an electrical S.U.V., the ID.4, to shoppers future thirty day period.